- Flux density is the movement of particles per time (through a given area).
- In diffusion, individual particles are moving at random, and net movement
is a result of more particles moving from high to low concentrations than
are moving from low to high, thus, (Fick’s First Law)
- Fick’s First Law is phenomenological, i.e., it cannot be derived from first principles, but it shares the same form as several other transport equations.
- D (the diffusion coefficient) has units of cm2/sec, and is NOT equal to the speed at which an individual particle moves.
- In diffusion, the time to diffuse across a distance is given by
so that time to diffuse increases with the square of distance (consequence of Fick’s Second Law).
- Diffusion is efficient only at very short distances. If organisms need to transport materials over longer distances, they need mechanisms such as lungs and circulatory systems.
- Diffusion (and all the math that goes along with it) can be used as an analogy to understand the movements of cells and more complex organisms.
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